DD-WRT: OpenVPN Server Using Certificates

GUI confuses me sometimes, so I prefer to make configurations in text files. For DD-WRT, OpenVPN server is available in OpenVPN, OpenVPN Small, Big, Mega, and Giga builds: K2.6 Build Features. Since I have never used any router with USB storage capabilities, I can’t be sure but I think OpenVPN can be installed using ipkg as well.

For this post I am going to assume you’re an OS X user, but Windows procedures shouldn’t be too different.

1. Generating certificates and keys

  1. Get Easy-RSA. You can either clone the git repository or download the package as zip. Navigate to the folder where you downloaded/cloned Easy-RSA and get into the directory easy-rsa/2.0.
  2. Edit the file vars. I’m showing the variables that you might want to change. Take note of the KEY_SIZE variable. If you’re paranoid like me, leave it at 2048. It takes longer to generate DH parms but not that long.
    # Increase this to 2048 if you
    # are paranoid.  This will slow
    # down TLS negotiation performance
    # as well as the one-time DH parms
    # generation process.
    export KEY_SIZE=2048
    # In how many days should the root CA key expire?
    export CA_EXPIRE=3650
    # In how many days should certificates expire?
    export KEY_EXPIRE=3650
    # These are the default values for fields
    # which will be placed in the certificate.
    # Don't leave any of these fields blank.
    export KEY_COUNTRY="MY"
    export KEY_CITY="Puchong"
    export KEY_ORG="AdyRomantika"
    export KEY_EMAIL="[email protected]"
    export KEY_OU="RomantikaName"
    # X509 Subject Field
    export KEY_NAME="MYKEY1"
  3. Import the variables into the current shell:
    $ source vars
  4. Clean existing keys if any (WARNING: This deletes all existing certificates and keys)
    $ ./clean-all
  5. Generate server certificates. The script will still ask for parameters you entered in vars so just press ENTER if you’re satisfied
    • This will produce 2 files: ca.key and ca.crt
    $ ./build-ca
  6. Generate Diffie Hellman parameters
    • This will produce the file: dh{n}.pem where {n} is the key size specified in the vars file.
    $ ./build-dh
  7. Generate key for the server.
    • When asked for a password, just press ENTER otherwise the key password will be asked each time service is being brought up.
    • When asked whether to sign the certificate, say Yes.
    • This will produce 3 files: server.crt, server.csr, server.key
    $ ./build-key-server server1
  8. Generate key for the clients. This step can be repeated in the future for more clients as needed.
    • When asked for a password, you can enter a password so that when connecting to the service, the key password will be asked. I recommend this to make it more secure.
    • When asked whether to sign the certificate, say Yes.
    • This will produce 3 files: client1.crt, client1.csr, client1.key
    $ ./build-key client1

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